Does deer hunting reduce car accidents?

car accident lawyers in colorado
car accident lawyers in colorado

It’s happened for many drivers and could happen to you too. You’re driving along a dark suburban street, and suddenly something appears directly in the direction of your vehicle. 

car accident lawyers in colorado

Before you get a chance to think about it, you hit into the brakes and discover yourself in the path of an eerily-eyed deer.

When your heart is racing and your mind is racing, you’re forced to ask you “What is the likelihood of an automobile right in front of me? 

What if the roadway was slippery and I fell into traffic that was coming my way? What if I rammed into the deer, and it flew into the car and smashed through your windshield?”

Tragically, hundreds of individuals are killed each year due to deer-related accidents in cars. In actuality there have been more fatal collisions that involve deer and other animals has increased by more than a third in the last 15 yearsactually there were 223 deaths as of 2007[source: Bruce]. 

According to the statistics of State Farm insurance estimates, around 1.5 million vehicles crash into deer each calendar year across the United States, causing $1.1 billion in property damage. Source: CNN Money[source: CNN Money].

Some of the more shocking facts is that deer-car crashes become more frequent in the final 3 months. For instance, in Charlottesville, Va., as an example there were 81 deer-related crashes between January and September of in 2008. In 2007 there were 93 incidents during the months of November, November and December (source: Shenk].

Many people believe that the rise in automobile accidents is directly tied to the beginning of hunting season. 

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It is believed that hunters frighten deer from their habitats, and then onto the roads. The actual reason for the many accidents is more to have to do with mating seasonnot hunting seasonas well as a risky population of deer that is soaring in many urban areas.

When pursued by hunter or any other animal Deer are not likely to wander away from its territory (source: Maryland Department of Natural Resources(source: Maryland Department of Natural Resources). 

In late autumn deer however, they are more likely to leave their homes to search for potential partners. This wandering behavior is what makes deer encounter more frequently humans.

In addition, the numbers of deer in suburbs are out of control. The deer thrive in suburban areas because they can eat heavily on lush plants and flowers, and also seek refuge in tiny patches of forest. In addition to humans, very there are few predators in the suburbs, which allows deer populations to grow rapidly.

Many hunters believe they’re performing a beneficial job by reducing the deer population that is not being controlled. But is this really the case? 

Do traditional deer hunting decrease the overall population of deer and contribute to fewer accidents involving deer? We’ll look into this in the next section.

Hunting as a method of population control

The reality is that traditional hunts for deer, also known by the name of “trophy hunting” does not reduce the overall population of deer. 

The reason is that the aim of the hunter who is a trophy hunter is to take down mature male deer or bucks (with huge antlers) but not female deer, or doves. A single buck is able to reproduce with numerous does, up to twenty in pen-like conditions (source: Bradley]. 

That means, even killing three or two bucks in the same breeding zone the rest of the bucks will fill in the gaps.

Additionally, in several states it’s not legal to shoot younger males — who are also capable of breeding thus taking mature bucks won’t have a major impact on the deer population in general.

In reality, it could be said that deliberate harvesting and securing of bucks could result in an increase in the overall population of deer (source: Alcorn). 

This is the reasoning: when reproducing deer within a farm environment the ratio of males to females in the beginning is 1:1. This implies that in a wild environment where do and bucks are subject to the same pressures including food scarcity and disease, as well as predators that are not human The ratio of males to females will also be a constant 1:1.

The targeted hunt for bucks can alter the ratio, leading to circumstances where the estimated buck-to-doe ratio of wild animals could reach up to 1:8 (source: Alcorn]. 

This imbalance in the ratio between males and females is crucial when winter comes around and food sources in a large portion of the nation become depleted. Each year, a certain portion of the deer herd will be affected by the winter’s die-off. It’s the natural way of taking out weak animals and conserving a viable population . Source: Richey].

If a herd is entering the winter die-off having an m/f ratio of 1:1 It is likely will emerge in good or better condition. This is also the case for a herd that has an 1:8 ratio. 

If there’s just enough food available in the herd’s area to feed the needs of 450 deer. If the herd is 1:1 215 bucks and 225 does could survive through winter. In the example 1:8 400 doe and just 50 bucks would be able to survive.

In June and we’re able to say that the 1:1 herd creates the average 1.4 fowls per doe (67 percent of mature doe have twins) and creates 315 new fawns, according to Bradley]. 

In the 1:8 herd 1.4 fowls per doe could produce a staggering 560 new fowls. Also, fewer bucks means that more females will give birth to more babies.

If hunting for trophy isn’t the best way to reduce the population of deer and prevent deer-car accidents then what else is? Continue reading to learn more.

Effective Methods to Control the population and reducing accidents


Although traditional hunting isn’t effective to control deer populations or decreasing deer-car accidents, this isn’t the case for all kinds of hunting. 

Hunting for bucks doesn’t reduce how many fawns which appear in spring, however hunters can help reduce the number of fawns by focusing on the doe the job. [Source: Maryland Department of Natural Resources[source: Maryland Department of Natural Resources].

A number of state Fish and Game departments have established the so-called quality deer management plans to restore a healthy male-to female ratio in deer populations in the wild [source: Delaware Wild Lands]

Delaware Wild Lands]. In the context of these programs, hunting for buck is restricted in a number of regions and specific “antlerless” hunts are being developed to hunt female deer.

In the suburbs where deer have turned into an issue and dangerous threats to motorists Special bowhunts, sharpshooter hunts, and other managed hunts have been approved to take down female deer , without making the neighborhood vulnerable from gunshots from the stray. 

State officials in Maryland declares that fatal car-deer accidents have decreased nearly half Montgomery County since the implementation of hunts for deer managed by the state (source: Maryland Department of Natural Resources[source: Maryland Department of Natural Resources].

Animal rights advocates claim that there are options for “lethal managing deer” Source: Humane Society USA]. Land management is an excellent place to begin. 

The nature of suburbs is that they are prime land for deer. Deer thrive off an unnaturally plentiful diet of plants as well as grasses and flowers which aren’t found in nature.

If someone wants to keep deer away from their lawns, and out of their streets, they could begin by landscaping with plants deer aren’t fond of and creating urban developments that have the addition of trees and fewer green lawns. Source: In Defense of AnimalsThe In Defense of Animals.

A different method of non-lethal use, that has been utilized to some degree of success is to inject the contraceptive with a temporary form known as porcine zona pellucida (PZP). 

In the course of a PZP study conducted carried out by NIST National Institute of Standards and Technology between 1997 and 2000 the researchers were able to reduce the annual number of births in 72 percent[source NIST[source: NIST]. 

In a suburban study that used the contraceptive in the New York’s Fire Island National Seashore to decrease the intrusive deer population by 60 percent (Source: Kirkpatrick]. In the future, maybe experts will manage improve these methods and come up with different methods to keep deer away from roads.

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